Viral Rash Baby -Viral rashes also referred to as viral exanthem, are quite common in young children. They are typically triggered by exposure to a virus or an infection. Usually, rashes that are caused by a virus appear as pink or red bumps on various parts of the body, such as on the chest and back, as well as on the arms and legs. Some of these rashes itch quite a lot, such as a rash caused the chickenpox virus. Non-viral rashes are typically are caused by fungus, bacteria, or mold. These may lead to an allergic reaction, a diaper rash, or a yeast rash. Non-viral rashes usually don’t itch [1].


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Viral Rash Baby
Different Types Of Viral Baby Rashes

As a parent, when a viral rash appears on your baby’s skin, you’ll be most concerned. This is understandable, especially if your baby becomes fussy or develops a fever. It’s best if you understand some common childhood rashes [2][3].


Also referred to as the sixth disease, or roseola infantum, roseola is quite common in children under the age of 2. It is referred to as the “sixth disease,” as it typically triggered by human herpesvirus 6. Symptoms of roseola include congestion, cough, sudden onset of a high fever that lasts 3 to 5 days, and a rose-colored rash starting from the belly then spreading to the rest of the body once the fever has disappeared. Some children who have roseola can experience febrile seizures because of a high fever.


The varicella-zoster virus triggers this viral skin rash. But thanks to vaccinations which became available in the 90s, this illness is not as prevalent today. Before the chickenpox vaccine, almost all children experienced chickenpox rash before the age of 9. Among the signs and symptoms that typically accompany the chickenpox virus are mild fever and a blistery and itchy rash. The rash usually starts on the torso, then appears then on the head, including within the mouth. It eventually spreads throughout the body.


Also referred to as rubella, measles is a respiratory virus that includes small red bumps. Symptoms of measles include the appearance of red spots that break out around the neck, face, behind the ears, and in the mouth. Other symptoms that one may experience are swollen eyelids, blocked or runny nose, and a loss of appetite. Additionally, fever, aches, pains, irritability, and fatigue may also be experienced.

Other signs that accompany German measles are cold-like symptoms, as well as swollen lymph nodes. Since this virus is highly infectious, children who have it are isolated for the duration of the disease to avoid spreading the disease. You can prevent your baby from developing this illness by ensuring they receive the measles vaccine. This vaccine is typically part of the MMR vaccines, called the measles, mumps, rubella vaccines.

Fifth disease (Slapped Cheek Syndrome)

This is a contagious viral skin rash that is usually not accompanied by a high fever. It can be spread to other children through direct contact, typically through nasal or oral discharge through coughing or sneezing. This disease is caused by human parvovirus B19 and is most prevalent during the winter and spring seasons. Symptoms of this disease include low-grade fever, red eyes, headache, and sore throat. The rash is usually the main symptom of the fifth disease, which begins on the cheeks. The rash is bright red in appearance as if the child got slapped on the cheeks. The virus is contagious before the spots appear. Your baby may feel mildly unwell because of this disease.

Scarlet fever

Though uncommon in the U.S., another example of a viral rash, your baby may experience is scarlet fever. Many viruses and bacteria can cause this infection that affects the throat and includes a red rash. Scarlet fever can be alleviated with the use of antibiotics. Among the symptoms that are associated with this disease are sore throat, swollen tonsils, swollen glands, as well as fever. There is also redness of the tongue. Within the first 2 days of the disease, a rash will develop along the body and the limbs which can last up to 5 days. Your baby may feel quite unwell [4].


The exact cause of psoriasis is not known. It may be due in part, to a viral or bacterial infection or an overactive immune system. There also seems to be a familial component to psoriasis. This rash usually appears as dry, scaly patches on the skin which can become severe when not managed properly.


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Natural Treatments for Viral Rash Baby
Natural Treatments For Viral Rash Baby

When your little one contracts a bacterial or viral rash, you’ll want to take steps to alleviate their discomfort as soon as possible. Although some illnesses include a non-itchy rash, reducing the redness and swelling can also help ease your baby’s woes. Always check with your baby’s pediatrician for appropriate treatments, as treatments depend upon the age and source of rash. You may also consider other treatments that are natural and natural and safe to use [5] [6].

Baking soda

Baking soda has been used for ages to alleviate the itching and inflammation of your little one’s skin. Combine one part baking soda with three parts water to create a paste, then apply on the affected skin. You can even mix baking soda with coconut oil for some added moisturizer.

Aloe vera

The antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, as well as anti-fungal properties of aloe vera makes it a good option for those who want to alleviate the rashes that have developed on your baby’s skin. Not only does it promote faster healing, but it also soothes any minor skin irritation.


Another option that you can use to treat skin rashes is calendula. This remedy is effective in soothing rashes, ulcers, dry skin, skin irritations, and eczema. Apply a small amount of calendula oil on the rash and leave it for a few hours. You can repeat this at least twice a day until you see improvements.

Olive oil

Olive oil is known for its ability to promote skin renewal as well as healing thanks to the vitamin E and antioxidants that it contains. It has been found to soothe the skin while minimizing the itching as well. You can mix some olive oil and honey before applying on the affected skin.

Coconut and Tea Tree Oil

Fungal infections can worsen psoriasis or eczema. They tend to appear more frequently in people with atopic dermatitis. They are also the reason behind the ringworm rash. One way to alleviate the appearance of these rashes is through tea tree oil, which is a potent anti-fungal oil. Coconut oil, on the other hand, has fatty acids that can speed up the healing process. Mix the two and apply on your baby’s rashes after bathing them. Pat dry.

Apple cider vinegar

Aside from being an effective treatment against acne, apple cider vinegar has also been found to be useful when it comes to getting rid of the fungus growing on the skin that leads to rashes appearing.


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Other Baby Rash Remedies
Other Baby Rash Remedies


When a viral rash is accompanied by fever, it is essential that you keep your little one well hydrated through breastfeeding or formula. In between feedings,  supply your baby with an oral rehydration solution (per MD order) to help prevent dehydration. Keep in mind that fever can increase water loss in the body.


Your baby will rest more when they are feeling ill. Offer opportunities for frequent naps. If they want to play, quiet play should be encouraged. If your little one is suffering from congestion, prop their head and upper body to help keep their nasal passages open.


Babies who are 6 months old and up can be given ibuprofen to help reduce their fever. Always check with your pediatrician to determine treatments options before giving any medications [7].

Final Thought About Viral Rash Baby

The chances are that viral rashes will occur from time to time throughout your child’s babyhood. Though these are not usually dangerous, they can cause discomfort, so it can help to know the various treatments that you can use to alleviate their condition. Always check with your pediatrician before administering any medication.

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Viral Rash Baby Resources:

[1]  Seattle Children’s Hospital Research Foundation; Rash or Redness Widespread, March 14, 2019.
Christiano, Donna. Reviewed by Sampson, Stacy. DO. Identifying and Diagnosing Viral Rash Baby. March 27, 2009. [2]   Healthline; Identifying and Diagnosing a Viral Rash in Babies, Donna Christiano, March 27, 2019.
[3]   Pregnancy Birth and Baby; Serious Childhood Rashes, Viral Rash Baby, January 2018.
[4]   Center For Disease Control and Prevention; Scarlet Fever: All You Need to Know, November 1, 2018.
[5]   HDFC Life Insurance Company Ltd; 10 Best Home Remedies for Skin Rashes – HDFC Health.
[6]   Children’s National Health System; Viral Exanthems (Rashes).
[7]   Heathy and Children Org; Ibuprofen Dosage Table for Fever and Pain, American Academy of Pediatrics, May 23, 2016.

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