Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For Baby – Yes, Decyl Glucoside is a gentle surface cleansing agent that is better for the skin than sulfates. Sulfates tend to strip the skin of its natural oils. Decyl Glucoside, along with lauryl glucoside, and arachidyl glucoside are part of a larger group called alkyl polyglucosides. These are formed from sugar or glucose polymers. This ingredient is used in baby shampoos and body washes. This cleansing agent is gentle on sensitive skin versus many strong chemicals used to cleanse.

Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For BabyOrigins Of Decyl Glucoside

Decyl Glucoside is a result of the mixture of glucose, which is produced from corn starch, and fatty alcohol decanol, which is extracted from coconut. Decyl means a group of univalent radicals obtained from decane by subtracting one hydrogen atom. Glucoside, on the other hand, is a kind of glycoside that is commonly found in plants all over the world and rarely in animals. It can be seen in leaves and branches of an Egyptian tree called a Desert Date. This tree grows in Middle Eastern and African countries [1].  It is known as d-glucoside decyl, bd-glucopyranoside or decyl-bd-glucopyranoside. Aklyl Plyglucosides or APG is often used as the general term for Decyl Glucoside [2].

Decyl Glucoside is a natural ingredient used in disinfectant and cleansing products such as face wash, shampoos, baby bath products, and hypoallergenic soaps. It is an ideal chemical for individuals with sensitive skin because it is produced naturally, collected from 100% renewable materials and safe to the atmosphere [3].

The primary use of this ingredient in hair and skin products is as a surfactant. Surfactants are compounds that decrease the surface tension of the products they are added in, to help them get rid of dirt and oils more efficiently. It is quickly becoming a popular alternative to other surfactants on the market because it is organic and biodegradable – a factor that most parents, especially mothers, take into significant consideration when buying products for their babies [4].

Decyl Glucoside is sometimes referred to as “non-iconic surfactant” in the ingredient list of hair and skin products, as well as cleansers and detergents [5].  In general, this type of surfactant is rarely found in bath goods because of its slow ability to create viscosity and foaming. But since it is labeled safe, gentle, and skin-friendly by most manufacturing companies, it is building up its reputation among new mothers.

The commercial production of Decyl Glucoside takes numerous, complicated steps and often in extreme conditions [6].  Its first ever recorded production dates back as far as 1893. The ingredient was produced by mixing anhydrous ethanol and glucose to create ethyl glucoside. It can also be formulated by condensing glucose polymer with decyl alcohol [7].

Today, Decyl Glucoside is widely obtained from a mixture of glucose from corn starch and decanol from coconuts.  One of the main reasons why this chemical is ideal for baby soaps and body cleansers is its capability of making bath products lather and thicken quickly while still retaining their ability to moisturize and thoroughly cleanse the body. It also doesn’t make the skin dry which makes it even more vital in the mixture of hygiene goods [8].

Being a surfactant helps Decyl Glucoside to form a foam that is rich and long-lasting. It is used in anti-aging facial foaming washes and as an alternative to other harmful chemicals in skin products. It can work on its own and still work as efficiently as three other chemicals in a facial wash without decreasing its cleansing and moisturizing abilities [9][10].

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Benefits Of Decyl Glucoside For BabiesBenefits Of Decyl Glucoside For Babies

Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For Baby?  Yes as it does not cause irritation

Unlike other compounds and surfactants found in cosmetics, Decyl Glucoside is proven to cause lesser probabilities of inflammation and irritation [11].  The compound has also been found to boost certain antimicrobial agents. When applied to the healthy skin, there have been no adverse effects to report. In fact, the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel has concluded, after making a safety assessment, that Decyl Glucoside is safe, non-inflammatory, and non-irritating. The test was conducted on 19 alkyl glucosides. That is precisely why it is an ideal ingredient for skin care products.

Retains moisture

Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For Baby? – Decyl Glucoside is known to help quickly remove grimes and stains on the skin [12].  But one of its most vital characteristics is its ability to keep the moisture on the skin while cleaning it. It can decrease the surface tension of the product’s formulation, making it successful in stabilizing both water and oil properties of the product [13].


When chemists started creating non-ionic surfactants back in the 80’s, it was mostly made up of nonyl-phenyl ethoxylates. This chemical family was useful in its job but was environmentally toxic. Decyl Glucoside derives from organic products such as corn and coconut. The glucose from corn and the decanol from coconut, when combined, produce this environmentally-friendly chemical. And it’s because of its accessibility and natural processes that it became a favorite ingredient in making formulations for skin care products. It is one of the few toxin-free chemicals that do not produce carcinogen ethylene oxide as a byproduct of manufacturing [14].

Its other organic alternative, the alkyl glucoside, can be mixed with the glucose from wheat starch or potatoes and decanol from rapeseed oil or palm trees.  Rinse-off products such as facial washes, liquid cleansers, shower gels, shampoos contain both natural byproducts. They are also mixed with the mixture of sunscreens and deodorants [15].

Potent in creating foam

Decyl Glucoside is a must-have in numerous cosmetics laboratory all over the world not only because of its mildness and cleansing properties. The organic compound is found to be potent in producing foam and lather among beauty and skin products [16]. In recent times, there have been adverse reports about foaming products stating that they are wrong for the skin. That is not the case with Decyl Glucoside. When combined with citric ingredients, it can lock in moisture and balance pH on the surface while creating a creamy, soft foam.  It’s great for all skin types.

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Decyl Glucoside Is Safe And Used In MADE OF Organic Baby Skin Care ProductsDecyl Glucoside Is Safe And Used In MADE OF Organic Baby Skin Care Products

We use Decyl Glucoside in creating our natural baby skin care because it is both a surfactant and a cleanser. The Cosmetics Ingredient Review (CIR) has concluded, after many tests, that this organic compound is safe and gentle for use in the mixture of cosmetic products [17]. Even the United State Environmental Protection Agency and the FDA have deemed it free from harmful side effects. It can be applied to the skin by both adults and infants without causing irritation, discomfort, or the development of certain skin diseases.

Non-irritant, non-inflammatory

Babies’ skin is fragile. That is why as much as possible, mothers use the best skin products that both protect and moisturize their little ones. While other alkyl polyglucoside can act as both cleanser and surfactant, decyl glucoside has been proven to be 100% organic [18]. Natural ingredients are less likely to cause inflammation and irritation of the skin [19].

Taking into consideration the process that this chemical undergoes, it has been proven that, when formulated correctly and organically, it does not aggravate the skin or provoke any existing skin conditions. That fact makes the organic compound more appropriate to use on babies.

Gentle on the skin

Decyl Glucoside is one of the few surfactants proven to be gentle on even the most sensitive skin. It does not contain harmful and diverse effects when compared to other surfactants. Ethylene oxide, a known carcinogen, and toxin cannot be found as a byproduct of Decyl Glucoside. Its soothing properties make it an ideal ingredient in creating sprays for delicate fruits such as cherry tomatoes and berries [20].  If you are weary of the side effects of surfactants on your skin and overall health, then Decyl Glucoside is the perfect ingredient for you.

Keeps babies’ skin supple

Aside from being mild, Decyl Glucoside also aids in maintaining skin health. When used as daily baby shampoo and body wash, it will not dry out your baby’s skin. Instead, it keeps its

moisture while forming a stable and vibrant foaming action. When buying liquid body soap for your babies; choose the one with Decyl Glucoside.

May prevent the incidence of skin conditions

Decyl Glucoside helps prevent dandruff, eczema, and other skin conditions that babies can acquire in their early life [21].  If you use skin care with this organic compound on its ingredient list, your babies will less likely contract skin irritations. Anti-dandruff shampoos, dermatological lotions, prescription creams, and more also contain the chemical in their formulations [22].


It’s true that you can only obtain Decyl Glucoside from natural sources. However, peanuts are not known to produce the compound. Therefore, the mixture of this chemical in skin care products will not present any allergic reaction to adults and children with peanut allergy [23].

Safe for the environment

Surfactants are regularly discarded in various ways on land and into the water. Intended on purpose or not, these processes occur routinely. Unlike Decyl Glucoside, many surfactants cause irreversible harm to animals and trees, disrupt the natural flow of ecosystem, and even humans. Some surfactants contaminate the natural environment and further causes adverse side effects to the health of all living organisms in the area [24]. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has already sent out an agreement with companies that produce or sell surfactants to reduce and effectively eliminate the improper discharge of the chemical [25].

Surfactants in some ordinary dishwashing soaps, for example, stimulates penetration of water in the soil. But this effect only lasts a few days. Most of the popular laundry detergents contain high levels of alkali and chelating agents, two environmentally harmful chemicals, which should not be deposited to soils. Some surfactants can interfere, or worse, completely disrupt the natural life cycle of aquatic organisms [26].

Decyl Glucoside is known to be safe for both babies’ skin and the natural environment. It does not contain chemicals that can do irreparable damage to land and water organisms. You can find Decyl Glucoside in skin care products such as anti-dandruff and anti-seborrheic shampoos, hypoallergenic soaps and detergents, facial washes and cleansers for sensitive skin, shaving foams, and shower gels, bubble baths for kids, baby wipes, and gentle body oils.

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Why Decyl Glucoside Works For BabiesWhy Decyl Glucoside Works For Babies

Decyl Glucoside is ideal for baby skin care because it is organic and a non-ionic surfactant. Just like coco glucoside, it originates from renewable raw materials such as plant-based alcohols and glucose [27]. Instead of drying the skin as most soaps and bath gels do, it gently moisturizes the skin. That is why you’ll find a personal care skin product for sensitive skin will contain high amounts of Decyl Glucoside.

It creates thick, long-lasting foam which babies love during baths! When mixed with other surfactants or known chemicals in skin care, it still retains its ability to develop stable foam with volume and stability. All characteristics of compounds combined with Decyl Glucoside (efficiency in cleansing, thick foam, hypoallergenic properties, etc.) are not affected  [28]. It should be noted that the addition of too many essential oils can reduce foam.

Decyl Glucoside’s chemical composition does not include 1,4-dioxane or ethylene oxide making it safe for pets and babies. It also maintains healthy pH of between 3.0 and 5.0 and smoothly thickens with other non-ionic surfactants [29].

Aloe, an organic skin care ingredient, can be mixed with Decyl Glucoside without losing any of its skin-friendly properties. The compound improves the tolerance of the skin to the mixture. These research-proven characteristics are what make Decyl Glucoside highly effective in keeping your baby’s skin clean, hydrated, and healthy.

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Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For Baby References:
[1]   Dubey, N. K. (2014). Plants as a Source of Natural Antioxidants. Oxfordshire: CAB International.
[2]   Rojas, O., Stubenrauch, C., Lucia, L., & Habibi, Y. (2009, January 8). Retrieved April 9, 2018, from Semantic Scholar.
[3]   Fiume, M., Heldreth, B., Bergfeld, W., Belsito, D., Hil, l. R., Klaassen, C., et al. (2013, October). Safety assessment of decyl glucoside and other alkyl glucosides as used in cosmetics. Retrieved April 2018, from National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[4]    Rieger, M., & Rhein, L. (1997). Surfactants in Cosmetics, Second Edition. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.
[5]    Van Os, N. M. (1998). Nonionic Surfactants: Organic Chemistry. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
[6]   Rather, M. Y., & Mishra, S. (2013, June 13). β-Glycosidases: An alternative enzyme based method for synthesis of alkyl-glycosides. Retrieved April 9, 2018, from Springer Open.
[7]   Hill, K., von Rybinski, W., & Stoll, G. (2008). Alkyl Polyglycosides: Technology, Properties, and Applications. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
[8]   Pantellic, I. (2014). Alkyl Polyglucosides: From Natural-origin Surfactants to Prospective Delivery Systems. Oxford: Woodhead Publishing.
[9]   Farn, R. J. (2006). Chemistry and Technology of Surfactants. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
[10]   Barel, A. O., Paye, M., & Maibach, H. I. (2014). Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology, Fourth Edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
[11]   Fiume, M., Heldret, B., Bergfeld, W., Belsito, D., Hil, l. R., Klaassen, C., et al. (2013, September). Safety assessment of decyl glucoside and other alkyl glucosides as used in cosmetics. Retrieved April 9, 2018, from National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[12]   What are surfactants? (2017). Retrieved April 9, 2018, from Cesio Surfactants Europe.
[13]   Fact Sheet: Nonylphenols and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates. (2016, November 2). Retrieved April 2018, from United States Environmental Protection Agency.
[14]    Ash, M. (2004). Handbook of Green Chemicals. New York: Synapse Info Resources.
[15]  Decyl Glucoside | Cosmetics Info. (2016). Retrieved April 2018, from Cosmetics Info Org.
[16]   Potechin, K., & Boyke, C. (2013, May 29). Cleansing composition with decyl and coco glucosides. Retrieved April 2018, from EP2595599A1 – Cleansing composition with decyl and coco glucosides.
[17]   Fiume, M. M., Heldreth, B., Bergfeld, W. F., Belsito, D. V., Hill, R. A., Klaassen, C. D., et al. (2013, October 30). Safety Assessment of Decyl Glucoside and Other Alkyl Glucosides as Used in Cosmetics. Retrieved April 2018, from SAGE Journals.
[18]   Ash, M. (2004). Handbook of Green Chemicals. New York: Synapse Information Resources, Inc.
[19]   Lees, M. (2013). Clearing Concepts: A Guide to Acne Treatment. New York: Cengage Learning.
[20]   Paliyath, G., Murr, D. P., Handa, A. K., & Lurie, S. (2009). Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits, Vegetables, and Flowers. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
[21]   Frosch, P. J., Menne, T., & Lepoittevin, J.-P. (2008). Contact Dermatitis. Oxford: Springer Science & Business Media.
[22]   Braun, D. (1994). Over-the-counter Pharmaceutical Formulations. Michigan: Noyes Publications.
[23]   Abisaid, J., Adams, J., Boehm, M., Boerboom, S., Brady, K., Compton, C. A., et al. (2015). The Political Language of Food. Lexington Books.
[24]   Toxic substance profile: Surfactants. (n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2018, from UK Marine SAC Projects
[25]   Surfactant Injection for Ground Water Remediation: State Regulators’ Perspective and Experiences. (1995, December). Retrieved April 2018, from United States Environmental Protection Agency.
[26]   Effects of detergents on the environment. (2016, January 12). Retrieved April 9, 2018, from Federal Public Service: Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment Belgium.
[27]   Fiume, M. M., Heldreth, B., Bergfeld, W., Belsito, D., Hill, R., Klaassen, C., et al. (2013). Safety Assessment of Decyl Glucoside. Retrieved April 2018, from The College of Information Sciences and Technology – The Pennsylvania State University.
[28]   Nilsson, F. (1998). Alkylglucosides: physical-chemical properties. Physical Chemistry 1, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For Baby, Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For Baby.
[29]   Thomas, P. (2008, February 7). Read the label: Detergents. Retrieved April 9, 2018, from The Ecologist, Is Decyl Glucoside Safe For Baby.

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